How did it go in Japan?To be honest, my time in Japan was bittersweet. It is a league that I have always liked because, in terms of level, it is the best in Asia. But I would have liked to do something else. It was strange because I was loaned to a club in which there were more foreigners than allowed and we had to play tricks to distribute the minutes. They didn’t put me in my position either, and because of this and many other factors, I had a bittersweet taste. But overall I had a great time. I visited a lot of stadiums, discovered a new way of training and learned a lot in the J-League.Lotina arrived at Cerezo Osaka when it was her turn to return from her loan and she wanted him to stay.It would have been fine, but it couldn’t be. They told me that he asked the club to continue, but there are things that the players never found out about.With whom he did come to agree was Iniesta.Kobe and Osaka are very close and we lived in the same building. One that was meant for offices and expats. Sometimes we crossed paths, but I was so nervous that I didn’t know whether or not to approach. I wanted to welcome him to Japan and ask him if he needed anything because I had already been there for a few months and several years in Asia, but on the other hand I did not dare. At the end we crossed a few words in the hotel or in the games, but it was all very light. I would have liked to have a drink with him and talk about real football.And what did you think of Iniesta at short distances?Brilliant. Once I did not know whether to approach or not he was the one who came to greet me. I thought ‘look, he’s a normal guy’. I left with the idea that he was a super humble guy and that despite everything he has achieved he would put on his tracksuit just like me and he would talk to me as equals. Sometimes we think that great players are not like that, but Iniesta is.Let’s talk about FC Seoúl. What are the goals for 2020?Hopefully we can celebrate a title, but I will not be so brave to say that we are going to fight for the K-League. It would be little cautious, although I believe that we will be able, if we do not mess it up much, to give war. There are two teams ahead, Jeonbuk and Ulsan, who invest much more and take the best players. This year we have a good squad. Normally we had a good 11 starter and two or three substitute guarantees; This season I see up to 20 very good players, anyone can enter 11. We have options on the bench which is something that years ago we had missed. The coach insists a lot on not thinking that we are going to win anything. We will go game by game because next year Korea will take away a Champions place. It will be necessary to squeeze the ass to return to classify. “They said that if I didn’t stay in Spain I would end up retiring soon” “I’m sure I live better than some of the footballers who play in the Spanish First Division” Osmar Ibáñez, FC Seoul player At 31 years old, Osmar Ibáñez (Santoña, 1988) has become the envy of all Spanish soccer players who migrate to Asia. In 2012, at just 24 years old, he signed for the Buriram of Thailand. There he won six titles before leaving for South Korea, where he continues to defend the FC Seoul jersey. In between he lived a loan to the Japanese Cherry Osaka. The season ended with “bittersweet flavor”, but he was able to meet Andrés Iniesta: “Sometimes we crossed the corridors, but I was so nervous that I did not know whether to approach or not”, remember.Facing his fifth season in South Korea, would it have been possible without the brave decision to go to Thailand in 2012? How do you remember it?It was brave because when I decided to sign for Buriram I did it with enough fear. Many soccer people even came to think of me as crazy. They said that where I was 24 years old, that I would either stay in Spain or I would end up retiring soon. Luckily it went well. I am not Iniesta, I do not have a poster in Spain, but I hope I have served as an example for other players. They said it would not amount to anything and I ended up making a career in football.Wasn’t it a lot of pressure to go from playing for Racing to being forced to fight for titles in Thailand? Was I prepared for that?When I got there I wasn’t ready because nobody teaches you how to deal with it. They are situations that you are encountering. It is natural selection: if you do not get used to it and do not make that pressure part of your day to day, you leave and the next one passes. I got used to it and even liked it. With Buriram United I won six titles in two years. I got used to winning, but I haven’t let the pressure to do it affect me at any time. I wore it and still carry it naturally.He now plays in South Korea, but also competed on loan in Japan. Why did you temporarily leave for Cerezo Osaka in 2018?Things got a little murky in Seoul. There were many changes in the club. They changed the coach and I noticed a change in mentality. I did not see them with the ambition of wanting to continue on top, to continue growing. They did things that I didn’t like, I didn’t understand or nobody knew how to explain me well. I needed to get out and we looked for the option to go to Japan, to Cerezo Osaka. It was a league that I liked and I wanted to know if I was able to perform at a good level there. In the end we all won because the directive changed, the previous coach returned and, then yes, I returned. Seoul where I want to be.Time proved him right. With his return, FC Seoul returned to the Champions League positions.I am not going to say that it was for me because in football they include many factors, but the results did end up proving me right. Before going to Japan we had a team made to fight to be on top. Then everything changed: they stopped investing and trusted young and inexperienced players. They tried to save, which is fine, but you can’t have everything. While I was away, the coach returned, changed the directive and returned the mentality of having FC Seoul fighting to play the Champions League every year. Osmar Ibáñez, FC Seoul player At what point do you see the Asian footballer and in particular the South Korean? Do you think they will be more autonomous in the short term?The big difference between training in Europe and Asia are the exercises to think, to make decisions, to put yourself in new situations … The European is getting used to solving situations without a boss who says what to do at all times. Asian football in general and South Korean in particular is tied to the guidelines given by the coach. He tells them: you pass it and then you run. The players always do it, 10 times out of 10. I tell them that the coach gives them options, but they are the ones who have the ball, if they don’t see it, they don’t. They lack that freedom a bit, but they don’t grow with it either. That said, especially South Korea is a great factory for footballers and they are getting smarter every day. Physically, in addition, they tend to be strong, powerful … It is a factory that should be paid attention. There are many clubs, especially Germans and English, who are already trying to fish in the quarries here. With their natural qualities and a training based on decision making, they are players who can grow a lot.Besides helping footballers to improve individually, what is their role in the team? Do they ask for more just because you are a foreigner?Totally. Here foreigners are always seen differently because, in fact, the club invests much more money in them than in locals. Something more, something different is expected … For the years that I have been in the club and because there are not many older players that I am staying as one of the veterans, with a lot of experience, many games … It is not that they ask me too much but they know that there is a foreigner there who tries to organize, help … They cannot qualify me for the goals I score but for everything else. Talk, organize, relate well with colleagues … They trust that. I try to fail a little, I am quite regular and I give them confidence. They are used to the foreigner saving their asses on certain occasions. We tried…Do you live well in Seoul?I like a lot. It is true that there are people who come and soon run away, but I like it. You have to make yourself live in a macro city. Get used to having a lot of people, a lot of traffic … But the options it gives you to spend your days off or some holidays are limitless, not many cities in Spain give you. It is also another lifestyle. In Spain we like to go outside, the ‘terrace’. And here that does not exist. I am not going to say, yes, that Seoul is better or worse than any city in Spain. I speak super well of both places.He made his debut in First in Spain, but has ended up making a career in Asia. He is the only Spanish footballer in the K-League. Do you think you are valued enough?As my career in Spain was without further ado, what I have achieved in Asia is underestimated. As I was not able to play in any large team, they believe that if I have managed to have continuity in one of the best leagues in Asia, it is because the level is low. But my case, like those of Iniesta, Torres or Villa, have helped other footballers lose their fear of leaving Spain, living a good life and enjoying what would have been very difficult to achieve at home. But of course, I am not recognized because I do not have the curriculum that supports me as Iniesta. If Iniesta wanted to return to Spain tomorrow, he would have zero problems finding a team. Others, for obvious reasons, do not have as many doors to knock on.What do you blame this contempt for?To ignorance. Sometimes it only comes from Asia that there is a lot of money. Usually the matches are not seen in Spain. But the few people who have been able to contact me or with whom I have spoken in the fields speak very well to me, they often say that how good it has been to make a career and link so many years. Once you arrive in Asia you don’t know what will become of you because it is a cyclone: you don’t know where you are going to fall. There are teams with a lot of money that you don’t even know where they are on the map. Or owners with whom it is very difficult to work. Although I have done very well, the conditions normally do not exist. And only the next one realizes how difficult it is. Not because of the level, but because of everything else. There are those who appreciate that I have been here for eight years and that makes me proud.Do you think you live better than some Primera players in Spain?In stability, it sure is. I had to play in First and I did not know where the hosts came from. What if the press, what if the fans, what if they don’t pay you … I got screwed years, I hope that things are calmer now, at least on the issue of payments. It is true that I in Asia have achieved both economic and sports stability. I am not concerned with cashing out or playing. In that aspect, I’m sure I live better than some of the footballers who play in the Spanish First Division.He has won titles in Thailand and Korea and has also played in Japan. What remains for you to achieve in Asia?Logically the biggest objective is the Champions League. I have played it for several years and it is a competition that I like. Motivate to play it. But it’s very complicated. Asia is a very large continent, it has very large clubs with increasingly important players. Hulk, Iniesta … It is very difficult to win it, so at the moment I am content to play it, enjoy and feel like a great footballer those days.Don’t you think about enjoying other experiences? Would you like to finish your career in Korea?I don’t think much about moving. You never know why markets in Asia are crazy, but since I came back from Japan I have the idea of staying in Korea. I am celebrating my birthday and have already made a career at FC Seoul. And now I have family, children … It is difficult to move them, so I will try to help the club until they leave me. From the grass, but also trying to establish ideas brought from Europe. Seoul is where I want to be. The club has given me many things, the coach too. I must continue enjoying and if I can win some more … perfect title.
Like or not Gremio, Atleti can recover in summer, although it is in the middle of the Brazilian soccer course (from January to December), to the side, who can also act in the center of the field. From there, it will assess if you add it to your template, in which he only has a man for the left lane, Renan Lodi, or if he makes cash taking advantage of his pull in the market to prepare for the next economic crisis.Waiting for market datesDespite being happy in Gremio, the footballer’s priority, as this newspaper has recounted, is to return to dressing as a rojiblanco. AND his second preference, making the leap to Europe, a path that many of his teammates have already traveled in the Brazilian Olympic in recent times. His chances of returning to Madrid in January were zero due to his status as a non-EU member, while Atleti had a full seat, but Caio will obtain the passport when the coronavirus restrictions leave him. It is an extra attraction and very important for teams interested in it.It is the virus, precisely, the factor that conditions everything. Not knowing when the competition will resume in Europe and how the transfer windows will work afterwards, the clubs are very limited. And waiting for how the situation evolves is Caio, who ideally was going to face a new stage in Europe this 2020 and is now at the expense of the pandemic. Due to his growth, the initial idea was that, to study what was best with Caio in these months. His confirmation in Brazil, standing out in Fluminense, reaching the Guild and consolidating himself in the U-23 Selection, has put him in the showcase. And in Europe they are moving for it, specifically from England, Italy, Germany and France. With a contract until 2023, its clause is 30 million of euros. 19 Caio Henrique (Sao Paulo, 22 years old) wants to return to Atlético and Atlético has to decide his future in the next market or, if things get too complicated, in January. Currently there are different options on the table, all in the air from the coronavirus, but in the Wanda they have full maneuvering power. AS has learned that there is a clause in the player’s transfer agreement to Gremio that allows Atleti to interrupt the loan this summer.
For her achievement in capturing the silver medal in the 200 metres at the IAAF World Championships in Beijing, China, in a personal best 21.66 seconds, the second fastest time of the year. Thompson also ran the third leg of the women’s gold medal-winning 4×100 metres team which set a Championship Record and World Leading time of 41.07 seconds.
Spanish football expert Graham Hunter has told talkSPORT that Liverpool would be making a wise choice in bringing Pako Ayestaran back to the club.Ayestaran, who was assistant to Rafa Benitez during his time in charge at Anfield, is being linked with a return to the role under Brendan Rodgers after the departure of his long-serving number two Colin Pascoe.Speaking on the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast, Hunter said of the Spaniard: “He is a friend of mine and he is somebody I think very highly of in terms of his intensity of work, in terms of what he is able to do in mixing coaching, tactics, and fitness, which was his base specialism for elite professional football coaching.“He is a brilliant guy tactically and he understands games when he view them, whether it is changing games or viewing games in advance. If Brendan puts Paco into that set-up, a set-up that Pako loves, and he wants to come back to Anfield, they will be choosing a fantastic man and you will see the difference.“When you are talking to players on the training ground next mid-season, if Pako joins Brendan, you will hear players praising them. It is a good choice, I hope it comes off.”
AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.Arguably his most controversial decision, Schwarzenegger signed a bill requiring semiautomatic handguns made and sold in the state to have technology to microstamp each bullet fired from the gun. Supporters say the micro-stamping requirement, the first in the nation, will help police track down criminals. Opponents, including the National Rifle Association, argued that the technology is unreliable and could be used to implicate innocent people if criminals leave behind stamped cartridges from other guns at crime scenes. In his signing message, Schwarzenegger said he understands the technology is not perfect but hopes it will give police a new tool in solving violent crimes. Under the gun bill, every semiautomatic handgun sold in California will have to stamp each bullet cartridge in two locations whenever it is fired. The stamp would identify the gun’s make, model and serial number. The law will take effect in 2010. LEGISLATION: Bills governor signed address teen tanning, condors, bottled water and more. By Aaron C. Davis THE ASSOCIATED PRESS SACRAMENTO – Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on Saturday signed 97 bills and vetoed another 58, creating new laws on topics such as the sale of kangaroo skin and protecting endangered condors, but also halting lawmakers’ efforts on dozens of other fronts, including giving college aid to illegal immigrants and requiring warning labels on cloned food. It does not affect revolvers, rifles or shotguns. It targets only semiautomatics, which the bill’s author, Assemblyman Mike Feuer, D-Los Angeles, said are used in the majority of homicides committed with firearms. Schwarzenegger’s most high- profile veto blocked the so-called Dream Act, a bill that would have made illegal immigrant students who graduate from California high schools eligible for college aid. The governor had vetoed similar legislation last year, but this year Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama drew attention to it, saying Schwarzenegger would compound the immigration problem if he vetoed it. Student groups also had rallied repeatedly on the steps of the Capitol and elsewhere around the state in recent weeks. Sen. Gil Cedillo, D-Los Angeles, wrote the bill. California already allows illegal immigrants to pay in-state tuition if they’ve attended a California high school for at least three years and apply for legal status. The governor’s actions leave 153 bills remaining on his desk. He has until Sunday at midnight to sign or veto the remaining legislation. If he takes no action, the bills become law. Schwarzenegger also signed bills on the following topics: Condors: Hunters will be barred from using led-based ammunition in areas inhabited by endangered California condors, an area that encompasses most of the state’s central coast. Scientists consider lead poisoning a leading cause of death among the scavengers, which often feed on bullet-ridden carcasses. There are only about 127 condors flying freely in the southwestern United States, and about 70 are in California. More than a dozen deaths have been linked to lead poisoning. Opponents of the bill, said the alternative, copper bullets, may be no better for the birds. Kangaroo skin: California will end its unique ban on importing or selling kangaroo-skin products. Schwarzenegger favors exotic-skin cowboy boots and owns snakeskin and alligator boots, but proponents said the bill was not about fashion products. Kangaroo leather is lighter than other leathers and is most often used in law enforcement gear and high-performance soccer cleats. The measure would continue the state’s prohibition on products made from protected kangaroo species but allow the use of leather from more plentiful species. Sexual orientation: Schools will be barred from discriminating based on a student’s sexual orientation, and teachers and administrators will be required to enforce anti-bias laws to protect gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender students. Some family values groups lobbied against the bills saying they would encourage teaching about homosexuality. Sperm cleansing: Men with HIV will be allowed to donate sperm to a willing, HIV-free spouse or other recipient if the sperm has gone through a process to minimize infectiousness. Domestic violence: Victims of domestic violence will be allowed to ask judges to grant protective orders for their pets under a bill written by Sen. Sheila Kuehl, D-Santa Monica. Student voting: State colleges and universities will be required to try to boost voter participation by giving students the opportunity to register to vote when they sign up for classes. Teen tanning: Parents must consent in person to teens using tanning salons in an effort to reduce the number of children exposed to the potentially dangerous ultraviolet light. Gift certificates: Consumers can cash in unspent gift certificates worth less than $10. An estimated $8 billion in gift cards went unspent nationally in 2006. Bottled water: Bottled water will have to come with labels revealing the source of the water beginning in 2009. School food: Elementary and middle schools will have to remove food with artery-clogging trans fats from cafeteria menus and vending machines. The governor vetoed the following: Interrogations: The bill would have forced police investigators to record interrogations of suspects in homicides and violent felonies. Proponents said the measure would have eliminated disputes about what actually happened during interrogations. In his veto message, Schwarzenegger said that although reducing the number of false confessions was a laudable goal, recording every interrogation would put unnecessary restrictions on officers. “I cannot support a measure that would deny law enforcement the flexibility necessary to interrogate suspects in homicide and violent felony cases when the need to do so is not clear,” he wrote. Abandoned babies: The legislation would have given new mothers up to 30 days to anonymously drop off unwanted babies at places such as fire stations and hospitals. The current law allows such drop-offs within 72 hours of birth. It was the second consecutive year Schwarzenegger vetoed the measure and he said the law would put newborns in greater risk by keeping them in an unsafe environment longer. Identity theft: The bill would have required stores responsible for data breaches to repay banks for the cost of replacing compromised credit and debit cards.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
The Drake University men’s basketball team returns home for its next two games beginning with Sunday’s contest against SIU. Tipoff is scheduled for 3 p.m. with the contest being broadcast on ESPNU.Sunday’s game is also the first of a doubleheader with the women’s basketball team. Following the men’s game, the women take on Illinois State at 6 p.m. In addition to the two games, it is ‘Super Hero Day’ at the Knapp Center. All youth wearing a superhero costume receive free admission to the game. Fans can meet superheroes before the game and get their pictures taken with them. The first 500 youth in attendance will receive a free set of Drake Basketball Trading Cards courtesy of Christian PrintersThe Bulldogs are aiming for their first MVC win of the season after starting the Valley season with five-straight losses to fall to 5-12 overall. SIU makes its annual trek to Des Moines with a 15-3 record and a 4-1 mark in MVC action. SIU is also 6-0 on the road this season.The Salukis are led by Anthony Beane’s 20.2 points per game, the second highest average in the MVC. Meanwhile, Drake’s is led by Reed Timmer’s 17.1 points per game after a 19-point showing in Tuesday’s loss at Evansville.Timmer will be aiming to recapture some of the magic he enjoyed against the Salukis as a freshman. In the last meeting between the two teams, he scored a then career-high 25 points on 9-fo-16 shooting. Previously he scored 19 points against SIU. In those two games he is averaging 22.0 points, shooting 51.9 percent from the field and 55.6 percent from three-point range against SIU.Drake currently ranks 10th nationally in three-point percentage at 41.2 percent. However, the Bulldogs have shot 35.4 percent in their four MVC games to date while SIU ranks third n the MVC in three-point percentage defense at 32.3 percent.The Bulldogs have shot 40 percent or better from the arc in 11 of their 17 games this season and over the last three seasons the team is 7-27 when failing to shoot 40 percent or better from the arc. Three Bulldogs – Reed Timmer (.473), Graham Woodward (.402) and Kale Abrahamson (.400) – rank in the top 11 in the MVC in three-point percentage.Timmer and Abrahamson also rank in the top 10 in the MVC in scoring at 17.1 and 14.4 points per game, respectively.Following Sunday’s game, the Bulldogs remain home to host Missouri State on Wednesday, Jan. 20 in the Knapp Center. Tipoff is scheduled for 7 p.m. on Mediacom MC22 and The Valley on ESPN3. Wednesday will also be a ‘Half-Price Wednesday’ with half-price general admission tickets available the day of the game.Print Friendly Version
Tags: sam simbwaStarTimes Uganda Premeir LeaguetopURA FCvipers sc Sam Simbwa was banned for 4 games on Wednesday (file photo)StarTimes Uganda Premier LeagueURA FC-SC VIPERS SCMandela National Stadium- Namboole@4pm.NAMBOOLE – URA FC host Kitende based Club Vipers at Namboole as the StarTimes Uganda Premier League continues.The Tax Collectors are without head coach Sam Ssimbwa who was banned for 4 games after making tribalist comments during a post-match brief in Jinja after his side was held by Kirinya-Jinja SS in a league game.This is going to be Vipers first match following elimination from the Caf Confederation Cup at the hands of CS Sfaxien of Tunisia.In their last league encounters, Vipers defeated Onduparaka 3-0 at Kitende while URA lost to KCCA at home in Namboole.What the coaches say:Micheal Ouma (Vipers).“It will not going be an easy game for us but we are going to play and fight for victory to keep the title chase realistic.Team news. Yayo Lutimba and Innocent Wafula will most probably be in the starting lineup after missing the CAF encounter.Rahmat Senfuka, Tom Masiko and Brian Nkuubi are all available for selection if the coach decides to make changes in his midfield as he looks to avoid a burnout since second round takes off immediately without a rest for the lads.The hosts are without first choice goalie Alitho James who sustained an injury and Vitalis Tabu who recently underwent a stomach surgery.Bbosa Lutalo will lead the technical bench following the suspension of head coach Sam Simbwa.Match Facts:The two clubs are meeting for the 27th time in the league history since Vipers joined the top flight division.In the previous 26 meetings, Vipers has won 5, drawn 10 and lost 11 times scoring 25 goals conceding 33 in the process.Coach Micheal Nam Ouma will be leading the venoms for the third time since he took charge.The Venoms lie in second position at 29 points out of 13 matches while URA occupies 6th place with 21 points from 14 games.It should also be noted that Sam Ssimbwa as a coach has never beaten Vipers in a competitive match at any of the clubs he has managed in his entire career therefore he will be seeking his first ever win over the Venoms.Comments
Tags: Gail ParataLilian AjioMary NubaNetball World cup 2019Peace ProscoviaRacheal Nanyongashe cranesStella NanfukaStella OyellaSylvia Nanyongatop Both Uganda and Scotland qualified for the next round. (PHOTOS/Courtesy)Netball World CupUganda 52-43 ScotlandM&S Bank Arena, Liverpool Sunday, 14-07-2019The She Cranes ensured they reached the final preliminary round of the Netball world cup, defeating Scotland 52-43 on Sunday.Scotland ranked one place behind Uganda in 7th, finished third in Group D to also advanced to the next round, in third.On the day, Stella Oyala was magnificent and her shooting could not be contained by Scotland.The home based player converted 27 of her attempted 28 goals, shooting 96%.Despite the loss, Scotland coach Gail Parata was impressed by her side.“The last time we played it was a 20-goal difference,” Said Parata told BBC after the game.“Today’s it’s nine, so we’re building. You can see how young our players are – most will be there for the next World Cup.”Uganda and Scotland went into the match with identical records – a win over Samoa and a defeat by England – making this a straight shootout for second place in the group.The teams traded goals in the opening 10 minutes before Oyella and inspirational captain Peace Proscovia moved Uganda into a 16-11 lead at the end of the opening quarter.Emma Barrie, at 17 the youngest in the Scotland squad, came on for Bethan Goodwin and scored seven goals from nine attempts.But that was not enough to prevent Uganda from extending their advantage to eight goals by half-time – 29-21 the score – their eye for the net matched by their ability to intercept Scotland’s passes.The second half was more of Uganda trying to see out the victory as Scotland desperately tried to come back.Scotland took the third 12-11 while Uganda took the fourth 12-10.In the end, Uganda held on to win the contest and justify their favourite tag that they went into the game, holding.However, the result confirmed that Samoa would finish bottom of the table while Scotland and Uganda would go through to contest the second stage of the preliminaries starting on Monday.Uganda’s starting 7 against ScotlandSylvia Nanyonga, Stella Oyella, Mary Nuba, Peace Proscovia, Stella Nanfuka, Racheal Nanyonga, Lilian Ajio.Comments
CLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos or video on a mobile deviceSANTA CLARA — Niners fans have been looking towards the NFL Draft since Jimmy Garoppolo tore his ACL in September. It’s understandable: In this lost season, the reward of a high draft pick can make losing tolerable.But that doesn’t mean that winning shouldn’t be celebrated. The 49ers beat the Seahawks for the first time since 2013 Sunday, with Robbie Gould’s 36-yard field goal in overtime deciding …
Stephen Wooding (U. of Utah) is elated. He sees an “exciting trend” in genetic research that might, finally, demonstrate positive natural selection acting on a gene with a clear phenotypic effect (measurable outward benefit). Writing in the Sept. 7 Current Biology,1 he mentions a few recent papers suggesting this connection, but focuses particularly on one study by Rockman et al. in the same issue.2 This UK/American team claims to have identified a gene that has been positively selected to shape heart disease risk among Europeans. The story was summarized by EurekAlert. The gene under investigation is named MMP3, a regulator of a substance that builds coronary artery walls. The amount of up- or down-regulation of this gene affects their elasticity and thickness. The researchers compared this gene and its surrounding DNA between nine kinds of monkeys and apes, and between six human populations. They claim to have found a trend among Europeans to possess a certain mutation that up-regulates the products of MMP3 (because it inhibits repressive factors). This leads to less hardening of the arteries but more risk of blood clot induced heart attack or stroke (myocardial infarction). The mutation changes one T to a C at a certain position on the gene. Using molecular phylogenetic techniques, they estimated the mutation might have occurred in the European line anywhere from 36,600 to 2,200 years ago. Maybe it came about in the Ice Age, they surmise, and natural selection acting on this mutation may have given Europeans dining on animal fat some protection from atherosclerosis. Whatever, the selection probably did not act alone on that one gene, which only regulates other genes, but on a suite of genes due to pleiotropic effects (i.e., when one gene evolves, other unrelated phenotypic effects can result). The authors seemed happy to be able to provide an example of natural selection acting positively on a gene for a beneficial physiological effect: “The evolutionary forces of mutation, natural selection, and genetic drift shape the pattern of phenotypic variation in nature, but the roles of these forces in defining the distributions of particular traits have been hard to disentangle.” (Emphasis added in all quotes.) Natural selection is an important factor influencing variation in the human genome, but most genetic studies of natural selection have focused on variants with unknown phenotypic associations. This trend is changing. New studies are rapidly revealing the effects of natural selection on genetic variants of known or likely functional importance….These [studies on] variants [on genes with known phenotypic effects] are particularly interesting from an evolutionary standpoint because they are where the phenotypic rubber meets the road of natural selection – variants upon which natural selection could be having particularly direct effects.Those assuming this was old news since Darwin’s day might be surprised at this admission that studies have rarely connected a mutation to an actual physical benefit. Analyses at the molecular level of the gene, to be fair, have only recently become possible. Stephen Wooding is greatly encouraged by this study. He thinks it represents not only an exciting trend, but a new means of paving “an unusually direct path between ancient human history and modern human health.” Rockman’s team claims that British men would have 43% more heart attacks had this mutation not occurred among their distant ancestors. But then, since hardening of the arteries seems to be a recent malady among humans, he admitted that maybe the natural selection at the time was for something else “and the heart disease effect was incidental.” One other benefit Rockman claims for this study is that it shows natural selection can act not only on the genes the make proteins, but on the genes that regulate other genes– a factor he claims “traditional evolutionary biology has all but ignored.” Considering the evolution of regulatory factors extends natural selection theory to the level of the “wiring diagram,” he says. No longer should we just consider good genes and bad genes. “Rather, there is a complex set of interactions” such that certain combinations might be best in one environment, others better in another. “So we’re advocating a more nuanced view of how we view the genetic bases of disease,” he said in the press release from Duke University.1Stephen Wooding, “Natural Selection: Sign, Sign, Everywhere a Sign,” Current Biology, Volume 14, Issue 17, 7 September 2004, Pages R700-R701, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2004.08.041.2Rockman et al., “Positive Selection on MMP3 Regulation Has Shaped Heart Disease Risk,” Current Biology, Volume 14, Issue 17, 7 September 2004, Pages 1531-1539, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2004.08.051.Remember the old moron jokes? “How do you keep a moron busy for an hour? Put him in a round room and tell him there’s a penny in the corner.” It doesn’t take much to amuse Darwinists. Tell them there’s a hint of natural selection in the human genome, and it is incredible the amount of work they will do to find it. You can bet any claims will be ambiguous, hazy, uncertain, questionable and open to different interpretations, but if they can be offered in homage to buddha Charlie, it’s worth it to them to run in logical circles and keep up the candles of hope burning. (For another example, look at this story on EurekAlert, about Penn State scientists “hunting illusive signs of natural selection” between Europeans and Africans, and finding only ambiguous signs of differing susceptibility to disease or milk intolerance.) What did these guys find, really? One single-nucleotide polymorphism in just one gene out of hundreds that regulate heart health. Sure, tweaking the regulation of this gene might put a person at risk for hardening of the arteries, but is Darwinian evolution the only explanation? The Europeans could have descended from a clan whose grandpappy had the mutation at the Tower of Babel, for that matter; how could they prove otherwise? The monkeys they studied had very different polymorphisms of these genes, and you don’t see them all keeling over from heart attacks. If natural selection acted on this gene, why didn’t it act on Siberians or Eskimos or Australians or others at similar latitudes? Did this mutation lead to a new organ or function or add to the genetic information? No, it only tweaked the existing information. And some evolution! Pick your poison: increased risk of atherosclerosis, or increased risk of myocardial infarction. Is this one of the finest examples they can find of the miracle-working mechanism of natural selection, the discovery that made Chairman Charlie famous, so powerful that during the same period of time it turned monkeys swinging from trees into humans writing books? The line about Ice Age men benefiting from the mutation because of their mammal-fat diet is comical. How could that help the population genetics, if the individuals most likely got their heart attacks after having children? The error bars on their dates are huge, even if one were to swallow the highly questionable phylogenetic techniques they used, and the evolution-based assumptions about mutation rates. A chain of reasoning is only as strong as its weakest link: e.g., “if there was water on Mars, there might have been life, therefore there might have been intelligent life, therefore there might have been lawyers.” Evolutionists get away with stacked assumptions only because they have ruled out anything other than naturalistic explanations. Since the only contender is something akin to Darwinism, it’s the best they can offer (see Best-in-Field Fallacy). Why are we the only ones questioning the Darwinist spin on this paper, and asking the hard questions while the other science outlets mindlessly inherit the wind and parrot the spin with lines like “Heart gene yields insights into evolution”? Why not consider the obvious, that a functioning circulatory system is a tremendous example of interrelated, functional design? The diagnosis is simple. It is that ancient human malady, hardness of heart.(Visited 133 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0