Brains react more to pain of enemies

first_imgFollow us on Twitter @dailytrojan A USC study recently demonstrated that the regions of the brain most associated with empathizing with pain, as well as reward processing, are more activated when people witness hateful individuals in pain, as opposed to likeable people.The study, which appeared in the journal Frontiers in Psychology this month, gives insight into the complexity of the human brain in relation to social emotions toward enemies as opposed to friends.Lisa Aziz-Zadeh of the Brain and Creativity Institute at the Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences, Glenn Fox, a doctoral candidate for neuroscience at USC and Mona Sobhani, a former USC graduate student and current postdoctoral researcher at Vanderbilt University collaborated on the study. The USC Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy funded the research.In the experiment, Caucasian male Jewish participants became acquainted with stories about eight different people -— four of whom were hateful, anti-Semitic individuals and four of whom were tolerant, non-hateful individuals. Elements of these stories were designed based on documentaries and social psychology findings.After gaining a deeper understanding of the background of each individual, participants were scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging as they watched videos of both hateful and likeable individuals in pain. Results showed increased responses in reward processing, emotion regulation in the frontal regions and the “pain matrix,” a network of brain regions associated with experiences of physical pain.The abstract of the paper suggests that the brain’s heightened activity might be in response to “the threat posed by witnessing the pain of a hateful individual more so than the desire to empathize with a likeable person’s pain.”According to Fox, the pain is similar to one’s experience watching fictional pain on a telvesion show or a movie.“We actually think it’s a lot like the process of watching a movie in which the villain is harmed,” Fox said. “At the end of the movie when things are really coming together, you really need to know just how hurt the villain is in order to predict his future behavior. You need to know, is this person going to retaliate? Is he going to be done for or is he going to strike out harder?”Though the pain matrix is associated with feelings of empathy, the increased level of activity that has been observed might not be attributed to empathy so much as pain processing.“We don’t think there’s much to do with empathy in this case,” Fox said. “We don’t think that there’s a need to empathize with the villain here. We think it arises more from the need to closely understand the pain of somebody quite frightening.”The one prediction that the study confirmed was that reward processing was heightened when participants witnessed the suffering of hateful individuals. Combining the expected and the unexpected results, the study showed elevated activity in both the reward system and the pain matrix.“What it shows is that the brain is really flexible in mapping how it processes other people’s pain and suffering. It shows that these circuits are working in a really interesting way,” Fox said. “At the level of the brain, how we feel about the person can also influence how we understand their pain.”Michael Lee, a sophomore majoring in biochemistry, found the study’s results intriguing.“If someone’s hurting you and you don’t like them, you’re still going to understand that they’re in pain,” Lee said, but he added that he didn’t expect that study participants would feel more awareness of pain for the villain.Other students, however, disagreed. Stephanie Yi, a junior majoring in psychology, said that the study does make sense, but with conditions.“I wouldn’t explain it as an empathic emotion. Rather, it seems to be more of a sympathetic urge. Everything is negatively connected instead of positive[ly]” she said. “This is more about surface-level emotions instead of deeper understanding.”In the future, Fox said that studies will be focused on the emotion regulation aspect and how concentration, consciousness and cognition demands in general stimulate change in brain activity toward others’ pain.Sobhani expressed optimism for future discoveries as well.“As we compile [more] of these studies, we can start narrowing down what’s going on in the brain — how these networks are working together, what they work on, when, how much and so on,” she said. “Each study is one little piece of the puzzle. One day, it will be complete. What’s really great about bringing attention to the experiments that go on at the university is that … you never know who it’s going to inspire or what future studies will branch off from it.”last_img read more

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Penn State ends Wisconsin’s post-season cinderella run

first_imgIn one of the most unanticipated post-season streaks in program history, the Wisconsin volleyball team fell to Penn State 3-1 (19-25, 24-26, 25-20, 23-25) in its second national championship appearance in Badger history.Wisconsin was the lowest seeded team to reach the NCAA finals in the tournament’s championship match between two Big Ten teams.Although Wisconsin couldn’t stop Penn State’s string of 24 consecutive wins, Wisconsin won its first set against Penn State this season after being swept by the Nittany Lions twice during the regular season.With a first year head coach, freshman setter, and six fruitless post-season spells coming before the 2013 season, head coach Kelly Sheffield said not many people believed the twelfth-seeded Badgers would be playing for a national crown except for those in the Badger locker room.“It’s always hard when you end your season on a loss,” Sheffield told UW Badgers. “I think everybody out there saw a team that just wasn’t happy to be playing in this match. You know, there were a lot of emotions in the locker room. This team, they expected to win. They played to win. They expected to win. I know probably not a whole lot of people thought that we had a chance to do that. But our players did.”With Wisconsin leading 23-20 in the fourth set, Penn State won five consecutive points to secure its sixth national championship in program history.The Nittany Lions dominated the first set 25-19, hitting an efficient .350 attack percentage with 19 kills to the Badgers’ .152 hit percentage.The start of set two did not fare much better for Wisconsin falling behind 1-6, with Penn State serving well and constraining Wisconsin to a more improvised offense. Wisconsin battled back with aggressive offense from its middle blockers, junior Dominique Thompson and freshman Haleigh Nelson, earning a set point at 24-23.However, two costly Badger service errors late in the set helped Penn State to take a 2-0 lead. Wisconsin finished the match with six service errors and two service aces, while Penn State committed 12 service errors with six aces.Pinned against a 2-0 deficit, Wisconsin was quickly down 1-5 in set three. But the Badgers fought back to an 8-8 tie and ripped an 8-0 run in the set to take a 17-12 lead, eventually taking the set 25-20.Wisconsin out-blocked the top blocking squad in the nation by posting 14 total blocks, with freshman middle blocker Haleigh Nelson finishing one shy of her career high with nine blocks of her own.Thompson led Wisconsin in kills with 16 at an attack clip of .315, and junior outside hitter Deme Morales followed with 15 kills.Both Morales and freshman setter Lauren Carlini, who posted 39 assists and seven digs, were named to the NCAA All-Tournament Team.Senior libero Annemarie Hickey led all players on defense with 26 digs. Junior outside hitter and sophomore defensive specialist Taylor Morey finished with 14 and 10 digs respectively.Penn State was led by the NCAA tournament’s Most Outstanding Player and Big Ten Setter of the Year Micah Hancock. The junior filled the stat sheet with 48 assists, 16 digs and five kills.The Nittany Lions had three players reach double-digit kills, including senior outside hitter Ariel Scott, who led all players with 21 kills, and senior middle blocker Katie Slay who had 14 kills and posted a .481 hitting percentage.The Badgers finished the season with a total of 28 victories – the most wins the program has collected since its first season with an NCAA finals appearance in 2000.last_img read more

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Haiti ignored by Trump administration?

first_imgHaiti government officials in D.C. were reportedly ignored by the Trump administration Monday night. According to the Miami Herald, Haitian diplomats were not invited to a special White House reception Monday night for “like-minded” governments who are standing with the United States in a call to suspend Venezuela from the Organization of American States. Vice President Mike Pence and his wife Karen invited a group of more than 22 countries’ leaders to the White House for a cocktail reception as a “small token of appreciation” for support on such a challenging issue in the hemisphere. Haiti was not among the 22.Carlos Trujillo, the U.S. ambassador to the OAS, said Haiti and others who backed Venezuelan leader Nicolás Maduro were intentionally left off the invitation list.Among those who did receive invites were Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Lucia and Saint Kitts and Nevis.Caribbean and Latin American nations such as Haiti, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis and Nicaragua have received billions in cheap loans for oil from Venezuela.last_img read more

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City of Lacey and Thurston County Partner to Support Area Veterans

first_imgFacebook44Tweet0Pin0Submitted by City of LaceyThe City of Lacey and Thurston County Board of Commissioners finalized an agreement to establish funding support and dedicated program resources at the Lacey Veterans Services Hub. The Thurston County area is home to more than 32,000 veterans, and the City of Lacey boasts more active duty service men and women living off JBLM than any other city in the South Puget Sound Area.Under the agreement, the City of Lacey will commit $125,000 to the Lacey Veterans Services Hub in 2017 and 2018 for facility management and operational costs. In turn, Thurston County will provide $30,000 annually during the same period to cover the facility’s annual lease expense. Thurston County will also provide on-site staff to administer the Thurston County Veterans Assistance Program.“Thurston County is a key partner in the future of the Lacey Veterans Services Hub, and their financial investment recognizes their commitment to South Sound veterans,” stated Lacey Mayor Andy Ryder.Since the Lacey Veterans Services Hub’s opening, more than 3,000 client appointments have been booked, including 350 for housing assistance. The operation offers five key “pillar services,” including employment, housing, nutrition, education, and healthcare. In addition, the Lacey Veterans Services Hub has a partnership with the Tacoma and Federal Way Veterans Center to provide behavioral health resources to veterans.“As a veteran myself, I understand how important it is to have resources available to veterans and their families in our community,” said Commission Chair Bud Blake. “We are proud to be providing services to those who have served the country for us.”The Lacey Veterans Services Hub is located on the Lacey campus of South Puget Sound Community College, 4232 6th Avenue SE. The community college provides a favorable lease rate in support of this veterans initiative.More than thirty organizations serve veterans and their family members at the 4,500-square-foot facility. Some of the providers staff permanent “satellite” offices on site, while others occupy rotating office space one or two days a week. Still others offer regular training or counseling sessions in the facility’s multi-purpose room, and some have referral relationships to provide programs and services off-site.For information, contact Scott Spence, Lacey City Manager, at sspence@ci.lacey.wa.us or 360-491-3214; or Ramiro Chavez, Thurston County Manager, at chavezr@co.thurston.wa.us or 360-754-2964.last_img read more

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Bruh moment of 28th October 2019: ter Stegen’s save so incredible that Barcelona resurrected…

first_imgImage Courtesy: DPA/FC BarcelonaAdvertisement bgqkeNBA Finals | Brooklyn Vs9gdsd7Wingsuit rodeo📽Sindre E2m88( IG: @_aubreyfisher @imraino ) 7nhpWould you ever consider trying this?😱131a8xCan your students do this? 🌚8myxRoller skating! Powered by Firework Marc-André ter Stegen was inordinately praised after that incredible save against Slavia Prague last Thursday. The clip of the German shot stopper has gathered attention around social media to such an extent, the club has created a meme video dedicated to the save!Advertisement Image Courtesy: DPA/FC BarcelonaTitled ‘@mterstegen1 AIRLINES‘, the clip starts off with the German goalkeeper jumping high and stretching his arm to deflect Slavia forward Peter Olayinka’s clip, edited into a ‘shooting star’ meme. Check it out below, courtesy to Barça’s official Twitter.Advertisement The ‘shooting star’ meme trend started back in 2016, where clips of people, animals or objects jumping, falling or getting airborne was edited into them traversing over famous landscapes and finally into space and beyond. The hilarious meme, making proper use of the song ‘Shooting Star’ by Australian electronic music duo Bag Raiders.Ter Stegen here is also shown to fly off from the field, soaring over the Pyramids in Egypt, alongside military jets, past an astronaught in the space, and finally coming back to his spot and making that awesome save.The video has got a mixed response from the fans, some praising the creativity, while others are mocking it for being ”too cringey.”The UEFA Champions League Group F match between the Červenobílí and the Blaugranas at the Sinobo Stadium saw a 2-1 victory for the visitors, as club talisman and skipper Lionel Messi opened up the scoreline in the 3rd minute, while the rest were both scored by the home team. First the equalizer by Jan Bořil in thr 50th minute, 7 minutes later and Olayinka himself unfortunately sending one to their own net. Advertisementlast_img read more

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